In the Malay language, the term city has a similar sense of language sense in Indonesia. Besides the meaning of the word city in leksikografis, the experts also expressed his understanding-understanding of city based on their respective fields. For example the city defined as a permanent settlement, relatively extensive, dense and heterogeneous population and have political organizations, economic, religious and cultural (Sirjamaki, 1964: 4-6). Even urban experts came from France, Dora Jane Hamblin suggested that this city is a place that is inhabited permanently by a larger group of a community. In case of a division of labor, which later gave birth to the social groups with the differentiation of the functions, rights and responsibilities.
Indeed in the various definitions of the elements covered by the vastness of the territory, the population density is heterogeneous and non farm livelihoods, as well as administrative-economic function. The elements manifest anyway into the city so physical terbentuklan physical traits. These traits are then partly left behind as data archeology, history, architecture, and some larger amount destroyed by natural and human factors. The Data in the form of artefacts in various forms, spatial. While the data on non-artifact left behind a city of tradition, art and toponym. In Indonesia, ancient cities usually stands in coastal regions, on the banks of the River, or in valleys equipped with a range of good facilities and infrastructure security, political, economic, religious, and other necessities of life fulfillment. Apparently the location of a city in ancient times was chosen based on a variety of considerations concerning the aspects above.
The above aspects proved to be directly experienced by Cities Pangkalpinang. Pangkalpinang is etymologically derived from the base or pengkal and Pinang (areca chatecu). The base or pengkal which in Malay means Bangka, or early, or can be defined at the beginning as a Center for the collection of Tin then evolved meaning as the Central District, city market place, ship or boat berths (wangkang) and the center of all activities and activities initiated. As the center of all activities, the term Base or Pengkal are also used by the mention of the past to Bangka areas like the base of Bulo, base, Base Menduk Mangas, base, base View which later became a river view or Sungailiat now. While Areca (areca chatecu) is the name of a type of Palm plants are multi-functional and many grew up on the island of Bangka.
Early settlement Centre Pangkalpinang built ditepi River that divides the town Pangkalpinang. The process of the establishment of such cities Pangkalpinang becomes an extremely long and deeply rooted now, starting from the discovery of tin ore contained in almost all corners of the island of Bangka Tin and exploitation effort to produce Bangka island such as white pepper, rubber and resin by different Nations. Formation of the command from Pangkalpinang Sultan Ahmad I Najamuddin Susuhunan Adi Kesumo to Pahang had the title Abang Tumenggung Dita Menggala and the Inner-inner and Depati, both Inner Pesirah Inner Pengandang and nor to the Krio in Bangka Island to find the base or Pengkal as the seat of Demang and porridge to be on duty to oversee the tin mining trenches, watching the workers called the mine coolies from ChinaKocin, Siam, Malay and oversee the distribution and lead from mining to the trenches to the Sultanate of Palembang Darussalam. Among the base or pengkal which was established at that time was the base of the Sill, the Bijat, Bunut, Vines, Ditch the river Reeds, Tempilang, Unattached, Sungailiat, Cegal, base Koba, Balar, Toboali and Pangkalpinang we know today.
History of the review on the basis of a clear analysis and Team of Framers literat days so the city founding Pangkalpinang Pangkalpinang predicted fall on September 17, 1757, which is in the reign of Sultan Ahmad I Najamuddin Susuhunan Adi Kusumo. In his reign, he had formed the base of 14 in Bangka Island including Pangkalpinang.
Then what is the background of the chosen that date? When a representative from the team's Centennial City framers Pangkalpinang with representatives of the City Government's appeal to conduct studies Pangkalpinang UPT Permuseuman Palembang, obtained information that is quite clear, that in 1724 until 1757, ruled by the Sultanate of Palembang Sultan Mahmud Badarudin I Jayawikromo. But after he died on September 17, 1757, Ahmad Adikusumo Najamuddin Susuhunan her as his successor became the Sultan of Palembang. Before Sultan Mahmud Badarudin II died, he was already giving orders and the power to manage governance as well as seek and expand the Empire to the Sultan, Susuhunan Najamuddin Ahmed Adi Kusumo. Keep in mind, the hallmark of the Sultanate, if leader or sultan died, then on the day of the death of the sultan's appointed successor to carry on the Government. Then from the description above, the conclusions can be drawn that the birth of the town is Pangkalpinang on September 17, 1757, coinciding with the death of Sultan Mahmud II and the lifting of the Susuhunan Badarudin Ahmad Najamuddin Adikusumo as his successor became the Sultan of Palembang.
After Adikusumo Najamuddin Ahmed led the Susuhunan, he immediately ordered Temenggung Pahang had the title Abang Dita Menggala and the Inner-inner and Depati, both Inner Pesirah Inner Pengandang and as well as to the Krio in Bangka Island to find the base or Pengkal as the seat of Demang and porridge to be on duty to oversee the tin mining trenches, watching the workers called the mine coolies from ChinaKocin, Siam, Malay and oversee the distribution and lead from mining to the trenches to the Sultanate of Palembang Darussalam. Among the base or pengkal which was established at that time was the base of the Sill, the Bijat, Bunut, Vines, Ditch the river Reeds, Tempilang, Unattached, Sungailiat, Cegal, base Koba, Balar, Toboali and Pangkalpinang we know today.